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2024-4-1 11:44| 发布者: admin| 查看: 345| 评论: 0

摘要: 必修课程 a required course掤、捋、挤、按、採、挒、肘、靠、进、退、顾、盼、定 Peng (warding off), Lv (rolling back), Ji(pressing), An (pushing), Cai (pulling down), Lie (splitting), Zhou (elbowing),Kao ...
 必修课程 a required course

掤、捋、挤、按、採、挒、肘、靠、进、退、顾、盼、定 Peng (warding off), Lv (rolling back), Ji(pressing), An (pushing), Cai (pulling down), Lie (splitting), Zhou (elbowing),Kao (body stroke), Jin (advancing), Tui (retreating), Gu (shifting left), Pan(shifting right) and Ding (central equilibrium)

不丢不顶 no releasing and resisting directly

不解之谜 mystery

不偏不倚 impartiality

缠丝 twining

沉肩坠肘 lowering the shoulders and elbows

沉着 heavy and steady

撑掌 unfolding palm

抽丝 taking out the thread

丹田 Dantian (pubic region)

弹簧力 springy force

导引术 guidance

道 Tao;Dao

道法自然 Taoism following the nature

敌进我退,敌驻我扰,敌疲我打,敌退我追 retreating as the enemy advances, disturbing as theenemy camps, attacking as the enemy fatigues, advancing as the enemy retreats

第五代传人 fifth-generation successor

顶头悬 suspending the head and relaxing the neck

懂劲 comprehending force

动与静 motion and stillness

动中寓静 stillness with motion

动作/招式/招术 movement/action

对立统一 the unity of opposites

对立与统一 contradition and unfication;unity of theopposites

耳提面命 whispering into disciples’ ears and talking face to face

发劲 discharging force

法道修身 self-cultivation with Tao

法道治国 state-governing by Tao

反者道之动,弱者道之用 The application of Dao is using mildnessrather than violence, softness rather than hardness

非圆即弧 either circle or arc

刚柔相济 combining hardness with softness

根于脚,主宰于腰,行于手指 rooting with feet, leading with waist, andmoving with fingers

弓步 n.bow stance; v.lunge forward

功夫 Gongfu; Kungfu;fighting art;fightingskills

攻防 attack and defense; offense and defense

攻防搏击 offensive and defensive fighting

贯串之意 Yi of permeating

国术馆 National Martial Arts Gyms

含胸拔背 contracting the chest and lengthening theback

合中有开 closing with opening

后发制人 striking only after being struck

呼、发、伸、进、起、仰、往、出、放、打、击、刚、动、实、开、升、上、左breathing out, attacking, extending,advancing, raising, facing upward, going, sending, releasing, hitting,striking,hardness, moving, solidness, opening, lifting, ascending,turning left

呼与吸 breathing out and breathing in

化劲 dispersing force

技击术 art of attack and defense

节节贯串 joints’ coordinating

借力打力 transforming the coming force to attackthe opponent

劲整 integrating force

经络 Jingluo (main and collateral channels)

经络中通行的气 Qi (air) in Jingluo

精神 mind

静中寓动 motion with /in stillness

卷(蓄)与放 storing and discharging

开胯屈膝 separating the thighs and bending theknees

开与合 opening and closing

开中有合 opening with closing

快与慢 rapidness and slowness

老子学说 Laozi’s Doctrines

砺练品格 morality training

练劲 building up power

练巧 mastering techniques

练顺 smoothing out the frame

螺旋 volution

螺旋缠绕 spiral enwinding

落点(劲点) attacking points (positions)

门规戒条 doctrines, regulations and restrictions

内不动,外不发 no internal Yi (mind), no externalmovements

内劲 Neijin (inner power)

内劲潜换 inner power exchanging

内气 Neiqi (inner air)

内外皆修 internal and external cultivation

内外统一 uniting mind with body

偏心距 eccentric distance

平和安静,谦和大度,博爱真诚,感恩包容 gentleness and peace, modesty andgenerosity, love and sincerity, gratitude and tolerance

平心静气 calming mind

气沉丹田 Qi Chen Dantian (storing qi in the pubicregion)

气敛 Storing Qi (spirit;air)

牵一发而动全身 a slight move in one part may affect thewhole situation

乾坤 Qiankun (heaven and earth, the universe)

强身健体 body building and physical fitness

窍 aperture

轻灵 agile

轻与沉 lightness and heaviness

全国武术锦标赛 Championship of National Martial Arts

拳法 boxing method

拳理 boxing theory

拳式 movement

拳姿 boxing posture

人不犯我、我不犯人、人若犯我、我必犯人 We will not attack unless we are attacked;if we are attacked, we will certainly counterattack.

柔与刚 softness and hardness

儒雅端庄 refined and dignified

散手 San Shou (free sparring)

上下相随 the harmony between the upper and lowerbody

舍己从人 giving up one’s own to accept the widely-accepted one

身心双修 physical and spiritual cultivation

神 Shen (concentration of the mind)

神聚 concentrating the attention

神明 sprirtual illumination

十大文化脉系 ten major regional cultures

十三势 Thirteen (13) Postures

收敛入骨 storing in the body

疏通经络 activating channels

四两拨千斤 defeating the strong with little effort

松静自然 being natural, relaxed and quiet

松柔缓慢 soft and slow

松腰圆裆 relaxing the waist and separating thethighs

宋明理学 Neo-Confucianism

太极拳 Taijiquan;Tai Ji Quan;Tai Chi;Taijiboxing;Shadow boxing

太极拳圣地 Hometown of Taijiquan

太极拳小架子 the small frame of Taijiquan

太极图 Taiji Diagram

陶冶情操 molding character

套路 routine

体育运动学 sports and kinematics

天地与我并生,万物与我为一。 The nature lives with me in symbiosis, andeverything is with me as a whole.

天人合一 Tian Ren He Yi (harmony between Man andNature )

听劲 judging the opponent’s force

推手 Tui Shou (pushing hands)

唯物辩证 Dialectical Materialism

尾闾 Wei Lv( acupoint; tailbone)

未老先防 anti-aging prevention before growing old

温文尔雅 gentle and elegant

文化内涵 cultural connotations

文静自然 quiet and natural

文拳 Wenquan (Boxing of Thoughts)

文武兼修 adept with pen and sword

文追鸿儒,痴迷拳术 versed in polite letters and obsessed withmartial arts

无过不及,不偏不倚 no excess, no deficiency

无为而为;无为而治 actionless governance doing nothing thatgoes against nature

五阴并五阳 half Yin and half Yang

五趾抓地 feet grasping the ground

武术 martial arts; wushu

物极必反 Extremes Meet

吸、蓄、屈、退、落、俯、来、入、收、化、引、柔、静、虚、合、降、下、右breathing in, storing, bending,retreating, dropping, leaning, coming, entering, holding, dispersing, guiding,softness, quietness, emptiness, closing, falling,descending, turning right

先天气 Xiantianqi (congenital air)

行云流水 flowing clouds and running water

形神共养 cultivating both the mind and the body

形神皆备 spirit and appearance likeness

修身养性 self-cultivation

虚领顶劲 erecting the head and relaxing the neck;erecting the head and neck naturally

虚其心,实其腹 emptying one’s mind and filling one’s stomach

虚实 Xu Shi;voidness and solidness;emptiness and solidness

旋踝转腿 rotating the ankles and legs

旋腕转膀 rotating the wrists and shoulders

旋腰转脊 rotating the waist and back

穴 acupoints

延年益寿 keeping longer longevity;longevityprolonging

养生术 science of health preserving

一静一动 stillness and motion

一开一合 opening and closing

一招不慎全盘皆输 one careless move loses the whole game

以静制动 coping with all motions by remainingmotionless

以柔克刚 overcoming hardness with softness

以弱胜强 conquering strength with weakness

以退为进 retreating in order to advance

以武载道 incorporating cultural elements intomartial arts

以小力胜大力 defeating the strong with little effort;conquering strength with weakness

以意导动 conducting movements with Yi

意 Yi (mind)

阴阳 Yin and Yang; Yin-Yang;Yin/Yang

阴阳互根 Yin and Yang rooting in each other

阴阳相济 Yin and Yang assisting each other;Yin andYang existing; Yin and Yang existingtogether

阴阳学说 Yin-Yang Theory

用法之意 Yi of directions

用意 using Yi

元气 Yuanqi (vitality)

原始道家 the original Taoism

原始儒家 the original Confucianism

圆活饱满 softness and fullness

圆与方 circle and square

沾连粘随 Zhan Lian Nian Sui (touching, sticking,adhering and following)

哲拳 Zhequan (Boxing of Philosophy)

正气 Zhengqi (pure air)

致虚极,守静笃 finding rest and peace, and feeling ease

中国传统医学 TCM;traditional Chinese medicine

中国佛学 Chinese Buddhism

中国古典哲学 Chinese classical philosophy

中气 Zhongqi (air in internal organs)

中正和谐 Harmony and Perfection

中正之说 Notion of Zhong and Zheng (Harmony andPerfection)

着熟 be skilled

姿势 posture